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Verb Preformatives

Listed below are the most common preformatives and prefixes that occur on Hebrew verbs. Memorizing the preformative and the associated verbal stem will greatly increase one's ability to properly and quickly recognize the verbal stem when one encounters a verb in the Hebrew text. Making flash cards of these preformatives may prove to be very beneficial, see the vocab pack I created at Quisition.

Imperfect Preformatives

יְ - Piel, Pual
יֵ - Qal (I-Yod), Niphal (with compensatory lengthening)
יִ - Qal, Niphal
יִי - Qal (I-Yod)
יַ - Qal (I-Guttural), Hiphil
יֶ - Qal (I-Guttural)
יָ - Qal (Biconsonantal),
vowel is qamets
יָ - Hophal, vowel is qamets hatuf
יֻ - Hophal
יׄ - Qal (I-Aleph)
יִתְ - Hithpael


Prefixes

נִ - Niphal Perfect, Niphal Participle
הִ - Niphal Imperative, Hiphil Perfect
מְ - Piel Participle, Pual Participle
מַ - Hiphil Participle
מֻ - Hophal Participle

מָ - Hophal Participle, vowel is qamets hatuf
הָ - Hophal Perfect, vowel is qamets hatuf
הֻ - Hophal Perfect
מִתְ - Hithpael Participle
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